Category: Publications

NGMN Cloud Native Enabling Future Telco Platforms Executive Summary v2.1

This document provides an executive summary for the analysis of the transformation towards Cloud Native in the main network domains of the Telco infrastructure. The goal is to define a holistic view on the Cloud Native transformation framed in an Edge Hybrid Cloud scenario. This transformation is mainly perceived by the Telcos as an important driver for internal optimization, cost savings and to speed up vertical solution. From a broader perspective, it is also an enabler, for the Telcos, to join a wider ecosystem where Telcos, technology suppliers, developers and Hyperscale Cloud Providers work together leveraging on their own specific and unique assets. A full paper is also available.

NGMN Cloud Native Enabling Future Telco Platforms v5.2

This document focuses on specific technical areas that are considered relevant enablers for an Open Telco Platform. As a main pillar, the overall evolution toward Cloud Native is considered fundamental, with different needs and level of evolution in different network domains. To be part of a wider ecosystem, the Telco Platform must be open and programmable, so the exposure of the relevant Telco APIs is a key factor. Intelligence in the network plays an important role when it comes to support many Communication Services that have specific network requirements and that leverage on specific Telco assets. The scenario foresees different challenges and possible critical success factors are identified and discussed.

NGMN 6G Drivers and Vision

NGMN 6G Drivers and Vision

In this paper, the NGMN MNOs, with input from NGMN Partners (vendors, research institutions), outline their vision for 6G representing a future evolution of networks enabling differentiated services with expanded market opportunities and novel experience.  It first describes the drivers for 6G, and the key necessities to guide the future technologies to respond to the needs of the end users, societies, and MNOs. This is followed with NGMN’s vision of 6G, its novelty and capabilities to meet the drivers identified.

We discuss a number of fundamental aspects, including new scope and approach, that need to be considered in design and development of the next generation of standards and technologies. Furthermore, we recommend that research and the development of future ecosystems prioritize the key gaps and challenges discussed in this paper.

Pre-Commercial Networks Trials Major Conclusions V2

As a part of NGMN 5G Trial and Testing Initiative (TTI) project, NGMN operators shared their initial 5G trial results.

The Pre-commercial network trials phase of 5G TTI aims to consolidate the results from different operators and reach some major conclusions.This document focuses on the performing trials phase. The main purpose is to assess and benchmark the performance of the 3GPP compliant 5G NR (release 15) in live field conditions with pre-commercial equipment.



Option 4 as a 5G SA Complement

With this Operator Position Statement paper NGMN is urging the development finalization of 5G architecture “Option 4” to support the full realisation of 5G.

NGMN concludes in this document that Option 4 supporting a 5G core and dual connectivity with NR acting as a master is required so that baseline 5G NR radio performance can be enhanced through the use of LTE on top. 5G Standalone users can then access both NR and LTE spectrum in the lower frequency bands supporting wider coverage when it is beneficial to do so.

NGMN 5G Smart Devices Supporting Network Slicing

5G Smart Devices Supporting Network Slicing

The 5G network system can provide on-demand network slices to satisfy different service requirements. However, how to create traffic connection for network slicing in 5G devices internally is still a technical gap. The design of Network Slicing function in 5G devices has to rely on 5G devices operation system as well as the traffic descriptors of the service between the upper layer and the modem, which results in that the current 5G devices does not support the use of network slicing. Therefore, the fundamental purpose of this document is to provide the reference design of network slicing solution in the 5G devices.

E2E Architecture Framework 4.31

5G End-to-End Architecture Framework v4.31

This document delineates the requirements in terms of entities and functions that characterise the capabilities of an E2E (end-to-end) framework. Architectural perspectives and considerations associated with the service categories – eMBB, mIoT, URLLC – envisioned for 5G (Fifth Generation) underscore the delineation of the E2E framework requirements. These requirements are intended as guidance in the development of interoperable and market enabling specifications for a continuing advancement of the 5G ecosystem of heterogenous access, virtualization, autonomic capabilities, forward-looking service enablers, and emerging usage scenarios.

NGMN - 5G White Paper 2

5G White Paper 2

NGMN published its first 5G White Paper in 2015, providing an operator vision of 5G and serving as a guideline for 5G definition and design. Since then, the White Paper has been referenced by standards development and industry organisations when producing 5G specifications and promoting the 5G ecosystem.
This second 5G White Paper begins with a review and expansion of the vision in the first 5G White Paper. It then highlights some of the vertical industries that 5G will progressively support, showing how mobile network operators can provide both network and services to meet the varied requirements of the different markets. A high-level description is provided of key technology enablers that have matured or been identified since the first 5G White Paper, and that are required to meet the Verticals’ requirements. Specific consideration is given to sustainability, the latest considerations and recommendations on IPR and spectrum are provided, and we conclude with some key messages and actions to industry. Sections listing abbreviations, definitions and references then complete the document.


NGMN - Cover RF Cluster Phase2

Recommendation on RF Cluster Connector – Antenna to Radio Module Pinout Alignment

This White Paper adresses the alignment of 8T8R antenna and 8T8R radio module pinout with a unique naming system and pinout order on repeatable basis to simplify rigging of installations. This shall help to mimimise the potential for cross feeder/connection issues.

The goal is to have one simple naming convention which allows different vendors to manufacture only one product  variant to simplify deployment logistics and future site maintenance.

This document is the output of Phase 2 of the NGMN cluster connector project.


BASTA Active Antenna Systems

Recommendation on Base Station Active Antenna System Standards

The main scope of this White Paper is to describe and capture the electrical and mechanical key performance parameters of Active Antenna Systems and how to exchange this data electronically.

In addition, for the aim of RF-Electromagnetic Field exposure, a description of mechanisms to monitor and limit the power radiated by Active Antenna Systems is provided.