This document reports experience from the NGMN Partners on the adoption and the studies currently ongoing on Cloud Native. NGMN, at the beginning of 2021, released a White Paper providing an overall view on the Cloud Native evolution. That document is about a long journey that is still ongoing and foresees different steps to reach full maturity. The intention of this document is to highlight some of the areas that are on the spotlight now, and the steps that the Partners are currently doing in respect to that journey.
This White Paper contemplates the challenges for Vertical Industries to achieve sufficient uplink throughput or cell capacity and low enough latency for their industrial use cases, when using 5G TDD bands for the realization of those use cases. After looking into the problem, various technical solutions are being considered, some of them providing solutions for the management of interference between base stations or mobile handsets, when deviating frame structures are being used to support the industries’ requirements. The document concludes with specific recommendations to regulators and mobile industry partners who want to support the industry with adequate solutions.
This White Paper’s recommendations are:
- To identify and understand the behaviour of energy intensive or under-utilized parts of the network and in order to optimize and manage them in an energy efficient way it is recommended to deploy metering. Metering with more granular measurements will enable to check the energy performance of equipment in real time condition as well as to improve and promote the use of renewable energy source in a more optimized way.
- It is recommended to deploy metering at the network and technical sites to measure the energy consumption and other relevant parameters such as temperature and humidity of the active equipment e.g. radio, backhauling and core equipment.
- Standardized metering shall be defined with generic unified architecture for data collection, site internal communication architecture ideally equipped with higher level intelligent Next Generation Control Unit or Data Gathering Unit. In addition, measurement parameters with given accuracy as well as data collection and interfaces, including virtualized and NFV environments should be standardized
The purpose of this document is to provide a survey and analysis of 5G Devices Over the Air test methodologies and performance requirements defined by the most relevant Standard Development Organizations in the mobile industry.
Furthermore, this White Paper is aimed at providing NGMN recommendations on best practices and best ways forward for getting consensus, among mobile industry players, on the definition of 5G Devices OTA performance requirements not yet finalized.
The energy performance of mobile networks has improved over the years due to introduction of new generations of cellular technology, with better spectral efficiency, advanced hardware with lower power consumption and also many energy saving features introduced in mobile networks. As the deployment of these energy saving features represents an important step in improving energy performance of mobile networks, this publication studies the different existing and coming new energy saving features and of course their potential when rolled out in the networks. It also defines the next steps for further energy performance activities and studies. Other topics addressed by the publication are related to the different types of hardware, architectures, and site solutions.
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